Tree Policy and Woodlot Bylaw


Municipal Office

395 Mulock Drive P.O. Box 328 Station Main, Newmarket, Ontario
L3Y 4X7

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​​There are several tools in Newmarket related to tree protection and growing our urban canopy. These include:

  • Tree Preservation, Protection, Replacement and Enhancement Policy, which addresses trees during the development approval process
  • The Woodlot By-law, which regulates the removal of trees in certain areas of Newmarket
  • The York Region Forest Conservation By-law, which regulates the removal of trees in certain large tracts
  • The proposed Public Tree Protection By-law, which would regulate the injury or removal of any trees owned by the Town of Newmarket

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Tree Policy

The Tree Policy establishes the Town of Newmarket’s policy for the preservation, protection, replacement and enhancement of significant trees on lands subject to a Planning Act Development Application. It also sets out general policies for the preservation and enhancement of trees throughout Newmarket.

Newmarket’s urban canopy is made up of both public and private trees and is a valuable infrastructure asset. The replacement value of Newmarket’s trees exceeds $350,000,000.​ The 2016 Urban Forestry Study showed that these trees help to:
  • Avoid more than 200,000 cubic metres of water runoff each year, a service valued at nearly $500,000. 
  • Reduce erosion, improve air quality, and increase property values. 
  • Reduce residential energy costs by more than $3,000,000 per year. 
It is important to develop a comprehensive policy and by-law regime to protect Newmarket’s trees. It is Newmarket’s intention to take a full spectrum approach to tree protection and regulation with both policies and by-laws to limit the removal of trees and promote the planting of new trees. ​

​​Policy Update​​

The Town is updating the​ Tree Policy. At the Committee of the Whole meeting of February 27, 2017, staff were directed to update the Policy. Some changes proposed to the policy include:

  • ​Expand the scope of trees that are considered significant to be protected or replaced during development
  • Encourage forest growth by allowing industrial, commercial, and institutional properties to voluntarily plant trees without being required to maintain them in the case of future development
  • ​Clarify that trees planted as a condition of development are to be protected and maintained during all future development
  • Provide greater detail for applicants of what information is required in an arborist report
  • Expand the ability of the Town to ensure that trees planted or protected as a condition of development are protected by employing contractual agreements, financial securities, and other enforcement measures

​The new draft policy is available for review here. The current Tree Preservation, Protection, Replacement and Enhancement Policy is available above. Comments are welcome to​ until November 6th, 2017. 

The Town is hosting a Public Information Center on Wednesday November 1st, 2017 from 6 to 8pm. Stop by the Cane Room at Town Hall (395 Mulock Dr) to get more information about the revised policy and provide us with your feedback. 

Woodlot By-law

The purpose of the Woodlot By-Law is to protect small urban woodlots (between 0.2 hectares and 1.0 hectare in area) on privately owned lands. The By-Law requires land owners of affected lands to apply for a permit to injure or destroy trees and sets fine provisions for contraventions to the By-Law. Woodlots greater than 1.0 hectares in area fall under the jurisdiction of the Regional Municipality of York Bill No. 36 - By-Law No. TR-0004-2005-036 - A by-law to prohibit or regulate the destruction or injuring of trees in The Regional Municipality of York.